Touch the underlined word for a short definition or explanation.

The U.S. president has a lot of influence on people’s lives inside and outside the country, so the next elections on December 3 will be very important. In November, the results will be important for everyone.

The American political system is dominated by only two parties, so the president always belongs to one of them.

The Republicans are a conservative political party in the United States and their candidate for this year’s elections is President Donald Trump, who is hoping for a new term of four years.

bang the Republicans

The Republican Party is also known as the GOP or Grand Old Party. In recent years she has advocated lower taxes, the right to carry arms and stricter immigration restrictions. In more rural America, party support is usually stronger. Former Republican presidents are George Bush, Ronald Reagan and Richard Nixon.

The end of the Republicans

The Democrats are a liberal political party in the United States, their candidate is Joe Biden, an experienced politician best known for his eight-year term as Vice President Barack Obama.

Skip the Democrats

The Democratic Party is best defined by its liberal stance on issues such as civil rights, immigration and climate change. She felt that the government should play a greater role in people’s lives and in providing health insurance. The support of the parties is generally stronger in urban America. Former Democratic presidents John F. Kennedy and Barack Obama.

The end of the Democrats

For both men, Trump at the beginning of his second term would have been 74 years, while Biden at 78 would have been the oldest first term president in history.

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How is the winner determined?

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The two candidates compete for votes in the electoral college.

Skipping the Electoral College

Like most electoral systems, the Electoral College has a number of advantages and disadvantages, but it is highly respected for its historical roots in the founding of the United States. Usually this reflects the referendum, but in two of the last five elections, including Donald Trump’s victory in 2016, it failed.

End of electoral college

Each state gets a certain number of votes in the electoral college, partly based on its population, and a total of 538 votes, so that a candidate elected by 270 or more people wins.

This means that the voters decide the competition on a national level, not on a national level, so that the candidate can get the most votes on a national level – like Hillary Clinton in 2016 – and still be defeated by the Electoral College.

Skip Hillary Clinton

Hillary Clinton was an enemy of Donald Trump in 2016. It received almost three million more votes than Trump, mainly because it won a large number of votes in strong democracies such as New York and California. However, their rival beat them comfortably in the Election College race from 304 to 227 by winning several tough races in key states.

End of Hillary Clinton’s U.S. card
showing how many votes the Electoral College has cast for each state

In all but two states, the rule is that the winner gets all the votes, so any candidate who gets the most votes also gets all the votes in the electoral college of the state.

The majority of states are strongly inclined to choose one side or the other, so the focus is usually on a dozen or so states, where each of them can win. They’re known as combat states.

Skip Battlefield State

In these states, often referred to as swing states, voters are relatively evenly distributed among Democrats and Republicans. Florida and Ohio belong to the traditional martial states. Other states that have been strongly Republican in the past, such as Arizona and Texas, are considered battlefields because of the growing support for the Democratic Party in 2020.

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Who can vote and how does it work?

Illustration of the ballot paper and the ballot box section

If you are a U.S. citizen and at least 18 years old, you must be able to vote in a four-yearly presidential election.

Skip the vote

In 2016 there were approximately 245 million people entitled to vote, but in reality there were less than 140 million. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, most people who didn’t register to vote said they simply had no interest in politics. Those who signed up but didn’t vote said they didn’t like the candidates.

End of voting

However, many states have passed laws requiring voters to produce identification documents to prove their identity before voting.

These laws are often passed by Republicans who say they are necessary to protect themselves against electoral fraud. But the Democrats accuse them of using this as a form of oppression of voters, because it is often poor minority voters who cannot present an identity card as a driving licence.

How people vote is a controversial issue this year because of the coronavirus pandemic. Some politicians are asking for more use of the ballot box, but President Trump has said – with very little evidence – that this could lead to more electoral fraud.

Get past the voter fraud.

Critics claim that post-bulletins are susceptible to fraud – and there have been isolated incidents with Republicans and Democrats – but many state and national studies have found no evidence of widespread fraud.

Cessation of electoral fraud
Section separation

Is the President involved in the election?

A picture of a part of the Capitoline building.

No, no, no, no, no, no, no, no, no, no, no, no. All attention will be focused on Trump vs. Biden, but voters will also elect new members of Congress when they vote.

Skip the convention

Congress is part of the U.S. government that makes and adopts laws. It consists of two rooms, the House of Representatives and the Senate. The members of the House of Representatives are elected for two years and the senators for six years. They are divided into three groups, of which a third is chosen every two years.

End of the congress

The Democrats already have control of the House of Representatives, so they’ll try to keep it while they get control of the Senate.

If they had a majority in both chambers, they could block or postpone President Trump’s plans if he was re-elected.

The 435 seats in the House of Representatives are eligible this year, 33 seats in the Senate are also eligible.

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When will we know the result?

Sectional view with clock and calendar

Counting the votes can take a few days, but in general we know very early the next morning who the winner is.

In 2016, Donald Trump went to the stage in New York City around 3 a.m. to make his victorious speech in front of a crowd of enthusiastic fans.

But don’t set off the alarm yet. Officials have already warned that due to the expected increase in mail-in-vote this year, we may have to wait longer – maybe days or even weeks – for results.

Skip mailing lists

In the United States, there are two ways to vote – go to a polling station on election day or use a mailing list – but the rules vary depending on the state you are in. All states offer some form of absenteeism, but many ask you to give a reason why you cannot vote in person on election day. Some states accept the coronavirus as a valid reason to use the mailing list, but not all of them at this time.

End of Postbulletins

Last time, the outcome was uncertain for several hours – in 2000, when the winner was confirmed by the Supreme Court only a month later.

Skipping the Supreme Court

In 2000, the race between Republican candidate George W. Bush and Democratic candidate Al Gore was so close that it ended in Florida, where they were separated by only a few hundred votes. Weeks of legal battles set the recount in motion, but eventually the Supreme Court intervened. Bush was declared the winner and received 25 votes in the Florida polls for a total of 271 votes. Gore, who won more votes nationally than Bush, admitted defeat.

End of High Court
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When does the laureate take office?

A photo of the White House section of the White House

If Joe Biden had won the election, he wouldn’t have replaced President Trump immediately, because there is a fixed transition period to give the new leader time to appoint ministers and make plans.

The new president was elected on January 20 during a ceremony known as the dedication ceremony on the steps of the Capitol in Washington, D.C.

After the ceremony, the new president will travel to the White House to begin his four-year term.

Distribution section

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