Bachelor of Optometry is a 4-year paramedical course offered by many medical and paramedical colleges in India. This is an ocular optics course in which students are taught about the various diseases of the human eye, visual aids, the development of eyeglasses, lenses and other issues related to eye disease. In addition, the main objective of this course is to teach students about optics, eyes and vision systems. Students who complete this program have the opportunity to pursue careers as optical analysts, optometrists, opticians and many others.

This course is designed to provide students with an understanding of the aspects of vision and the optical system, as well as the development of optical devices such as lenses, eyeglasses, and so on. After successful completion of this course, candidates can be treated for eye and vision problems. Are you interested in taking this course? Here is the full information on this course so you can find out more.

Course summary:

The Bachelor of Optometry is an allied health program that focuses on eye and vision disorders and their treatment. In this course, students will learn about the different processes that take place in the eye and the visual system. Individuals interested in a career in medicine can participate in this program. In this course, students will learn to examine, diagnose, and treat a variety of vision disorders.

The Bachelor of Optometry degree consists of a three-year academic program and a one-year practical program, making the program four years in total. The three-year academic program is divided into six semesters in which students learn about the different parts of the visual system, diseases and diagnostic techniques. The internship program is designed to provide students with a working knowledge of the vision system. Upon completion of this course, candidates will be able to assist and treat people with vision problems.

Course details:

Course bachelor of optometry
Duration 4 years (3 years of study and 1 year of internship)
Required qualification 10th and 12th of the certified commission
Age limit Minimum age 17 years
Average price The price of this course ranges from 2 to 6 lakhs INR.
Starting salary The starting salary ranges from INR 2.5 to 8 lakhs.
Jobs Optician, teacher, ophthalmologist, optometrist, etc.

What is the Bachelor of Optometry program?

This basic paramedical training aims to provide students with the necessary knowledge of the visual system so that they can examine, diagnose and treat eye disorders using various optical instruments. Upon completion of this course, students will be able to work in various public and private medical institutions, clinics, optical companies, etc. In addition, candidates may pursue postgraduate studies, such as. B. Masters, PhD and other courses related to the eye and visual system.

This course introduces students to various techniques for solving vision problems and to screening, diagnosis, vision training, visual defects and blindness, as well as to the design of contact lenses, eyeglasses and other visual aids. Thus, the course prepares students to solve various problems in the field of image processing systems and to conduct in-depth research in a particular discipline. The optometry programme combines theory and practical knowledge in a specific area. Therefore, it is a good option for students who want to pursue a career in visual nursing.

Competence for the degree of Bachelor of Optometry:

Those seeking a career in this field must meet the following criteria.

  • The students had to finish the twelfth grade. Passed in science subjects for PCB subjects from a recognized board.
  • You must have an overall score of 45%.
  • Applicants must be 17 years of age or older.

If you meet these criteria, you can register for this course. However, you must go through the admissions process.

Admission to the Bachelor of Optometry:

There are different types of admission process for Bachelor of Optometry in India. Here’s what you need to know about the admissions process for this course.


In this method, candidates have to pass entrance exams organized by institutes and universities. In addition, some government departments organise entrance exams for paramedical courses. This way you can choose the entrance exam as you like.

Candidates can take various entrance exams for Bachelor of Optometry course like CMC, AIIMS exam, JNU entrance exam, EYECET, DU entrance exam and BVP CET. After the entrance examination, the university or institution concerned announces the results in the form of a list of results. The list of meritorious candidates includes the names of the candidates according to their rank.

Candidates must then participate in a personal interview or group discussion appropriate to their rank or grade. Based on the results of the entrance exams, group discussions and personal interviews, the candidates are then admitted to the respective universities or institutes. Entrance exams for this course are held across the country and candidates are selected based on their overall performance.

Reception on merit :

When candidates apply for recruitment on merit, they should follow the guidelines of the respective institutions and participate in the selection process. Personal interviews and group discussions are conducted during the admissions process. The institutes then announce the results based on the performance of the candidates. After the performance results, the institutes admit the candidates.

Admission process based on governance:

This is the standard admission procedure for most institutes and universities. In this method, institutions select candidates based on merit and performance. First, universities compile a merit list based on the ranking of the entrance exams. In the next step, applicants can select the institutions where they want to study. Finally, the institutions accept deserving candidates. This admission procedure is based on the availability of places at the University.

Bachelor of optometry Course:

In this program, the following courses are offered over six semesters.

Year 1:

I Semester II. Semester
Clinical psychology General biochemistry and biochemistry of the eye
The basics of computing Contact lens
Basic bookkeeping geriatric optometry and paediatric optometry
Public and professional optometry Basic English and communication

Year 2:

III. Semester Term IV
General anatomy and anatomy of the eye Law and Optometry
Geometric optics Low-resolution tools
Hospital procedures Nutrition
General and ocular physiology Mathematics

Third year:

V-Semester Term VI
Microbiology and pathology Public Relations
Pharmacology Research methodology and statistics
Optometric instruments and clinical examination of vision Physical optics
Eye diseases and systemic diseases Visual optics
Optics Optometry and prescription optics Flashing and binocular vision

Fourth year:

The fourth year is an internship program. Candidates will study the following topics during this program

  • Paediatric Optometry
  • Contact lenses
  • Rear segment
  • front segment
  • Visually impaired and rehabilitation
  • Revision Optometry
  • Stage I and II in the field

Professional bachelor of optometry

This is a dynamic course that includes many aspects that allow students to treat a variety of eye diseases. Graduates of this program are in demand in a variety of fields in the public and private sectors. There are huge opportunities for graduates as eye care is needed for children, adults and the elderly. Graduates of this program may pursue a career in education or apply for a variety of positions in different areas of assisted health.

There are many opportunities for graduates, such as…

  • Public and private clinics
  • NGO
  • Optical production zones
  • Optometry laboratories
  • Ophthalmology Clinics
  • Optical fairs
  • Health and safety at work, etc.

Moreover, there are many recruiters who hire graduates in this field. Some of the major companies hiring graduates with a Bachelor of Optometry degree are

  • Fortis Healthcare Ltd.
  • Indian Institute of Medical Sciences.
  • Institute of Postgraduate Medical Research and Training, etc.

Professional bachelor of optometry

Graduates of this program may apply for the following positions.


Specialists in this position are responsible for eye exams and detecting eye abnormalities and diseases. The salary for this position ranges from 3.5 to 6 lakhs per annum.

Research Associate:

Candidates for this position prepare reports, articles, and project presentations as directed. You can also do administrative work for projects and research activities. Sometimes they also carry out some administrative tasks. The salary of a researcher ranges from 2.5 lakhs to 5 lakhs.


An optician advises adults and children about glasses, lenses, frames, color, weight and style, and other optical aids. They work mainly with optometric prescriptions. Opticians get an annual salary of 3-6 lakhs.


An ophthalmologist can earn an annual salary between 3 and 6 lakhs. They usually test the imaging systems and find results. They can diagnose eye problems such as glaucoma, hyperopia, etc.


This position prepares candidates to teach in classrooms or groups. They also monitor the progress of the pupils and consult with their parents. They prepare tests for students and work in school administration. The salary of a teacher varies between 2 lakhs and 4.5 lakhs.

Topcolleges in India for Optometry courses:

  1. Centurion University of Technology and Management, [CUTM] Odisha.
  2. Terthanker Mahavir University, [TMU] Uttar Pradesh
  3. Postgraduate Medical Education and Research Institute, [JIPMER] Puducherry
  4. Savitribai Phule University Pune, [SPPU] Maharashtra
  5. Pt Bhagwat Dayal Sharma Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, [OPMR] Haryana
  6. AJ Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Karnataka
  7. Hamdard Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, [HIMSR] Delhi NDC
  8. Indian Institute of Technology and Science, [HITS] Tamil Nadu
  9. NTR University of Medical Sciences, [NTRUH] Andhra Pradesh.
  10. More Chand Mahajan Dayan and Anglo Vedic College for Women, [MCM DAV] Chandigarh.

Here are some of the best colleges in different states of India that offer optometry courses. You can choose a university from this list according to your preference.

Optometry course – frequently asked questions

  1. What are the career prospects after studying optometry?

Some of the most popular careers for optometry graduates include

  • Optical manufacturing sectors
  • Ophthalmology Clinics
  • Indian Institute of Medical Sciences
  • Fortis Healthcare Ltd.
  • Optometry laboratories
  • Public and private hospitals
  • Non-governmental organisations and others
  • Optical fairs
  • Health zones in the workplace
  1. What are the subjects taught in optometry training?

The Bachelor of Optometry is divided into 6 semesters of different courses. Some of them…

  • The basics of computing
  • General biochemistry
  • Anatomy of the eye
  • General physiology
  • Visual optics
  • Public Relations
  • Basic English, communication, etc.
  1. What are the top 5 colleges that offer optometry courses?

Some reputable colleges offer this three-year academic program with a one-year internship.

  • Savitri Bai Phule University Pune – Maharashtra
  • Jawaharlal Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research – Puducherry
  • Centurion University of Technology and Management – Odisha
  • Indian Institute of Technology and Science – Tamil Naidu
  • AJ Institute of Medical Sciences and Research – Delhi NCR
  1. Is there an entrance exam to enroll in an optometry course?

Before applying for admission, students may take the National Admission Examination or the University Admission Examination. The most popular entrance exams are: JNU entrance exam, CMC, AIIMS, DU entrance exam, BVP CET and EYELET. Candidates must pass one of the following exams to be admitted to optometry training.

  1. Who should take an optometry course?
  • Candidates who wish to pursue a career in the medical field.
  • Students interested in the health sciences.
  • People who are passionate and true to themselves can take this course.
  • Candidates who have passed class 10+2 in science subjects with physics, chemistry and biology can opt for this course.
  • A candidate who has reached the age of 17.
  1. What is the fee structure for optometry training in India?

Many universities offer degrees in optometry. The fee structure may vary from college to college and from university to university. But the average rate is between 10,000 and 5 million euros over a period of one year.

  1. Can I take the optometrist course after class 12? Take a course?

And the answer is: Yes. The training to become an optometrist can be followed in three main phases

  1. Optometrist Certificate Course
  2. Diploma optician
  3. Basic course

Candidates who have completed the 10+2 course are eligible to apply for a degree in Optometry.

frequently asked questions

What can I do after my bachelor in optometry?

Wholesale medical courses …

How long does it take to study optometry?


What kind of job can I get with a degree in optometry?

Student life – deforestation issues.

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